Subchondral Bone Cysts


6. Howard RD, McIlwraith CW, and Trotter GW. Arthroscopic surgery for subchondral cystic lesions of the medial femoral condyle in horses: 41 cases (1988-1991). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995;206:842-850.
7. Smith MA, Walmsley JP, TJ Phillips, et al: Effect of age at presentation on outcome following arthroscopic debridement of subchondral cyst lesions of the medial femoral condyle: 85 horses (1993-2003). Eq Vet J 2005;37:175-180.
8. Jackson WA, Stick JA, Arnoczky SP, and Nickels FA. The effect of compacted cancellous bone grafting on the healing of subchondral bone defects of the medial femoral condyle in horses. Vet Surg. 2000;29(1):8-16.
9. Bodo G, Hangody L, Modis L, and Hurtig M. Autologous osteochondral grafting (mosaic arthroplasty) for treatment of subchondral cystic lesions in the equine stifle and fetlock joints. Vet Surg. 2004;33(6):588-96.
10. Sandler, E.A., Bramlage, L.R., Embertson, R.M., et al. Correlation of lesion size with racing performance in Thoroughbreds after arthroscopic treatment of subchondral cystic lesions of the medial femoral condyle: 150 cases (1989-2000). Proceedings, 48th AAEP 2002;48:255-256.
11. Wallis TW, Goodrich LR, McIlwraith CW, et al. Arthroscopic injection of corticosteroids into the fibrous tissue of subchondral cystic lesions of the medial femoral condyle in horses: a retrospective study of 52 cases (2001-2006). Equine Vet J 2008;40(5):461-7.
12. Foerner JJ, Rick MC, Juzwiak JS, Watt BC, Smalley LR, Keuler NS, Santschi EM, Injection of equine subchondral bone cysts with triamcinolone: 73 horses (1999-2005). Proceedings, 52th AAEP 2006;52:412-413.
13. Fortier LA, Nixon AJ. New surgical treatments for osteochondritis and subchondral bone cysts. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2005;21:673-90.
14. Jeffcott L.B and Kold S.E. Clinical and radiological aspects of stifle bone cysts in the horse. Equine Vet J 1982;14:40-46.
15. Geffroy O, Lallemand E, Tessier C, et al: Treatment of subchondral bone cyst lesions by lag-screw fixation in 4 horses. Proceedings, ECVS 2010;162.

Author: Elizabeth M Santschi, DVM, DACVS
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio